In Africa, recent estimates suggest that 73 million people are acutely food insecure. Furthermore, since last year, African regions, particularly the Sahel and southern Africa, have been severely affected by climate change (UNCTAD).
Since long before the COVID-19 pandemic, these chronic food crises have been driven by various factors, including economic shocks, climate, and conflict. A regional slump in food production and a fall in global demand may prolong the negative effects of COVID-19, with poverty and food insecurity expected to continue to rise in 2021.
Countries must take steps to build resilient, climate-smart, and competitive food systems in the long term. Increasing the productivity of agricultural systems; it also aims to diversify agriculture by supporting the development of other value chains.