The African continent’s urbanization rate has increased from 15% to 40% between 1960 and 2010 and is expected to reach 60% in 2050. The urban population in Africa will triple over the next 50 years. This is an unprecedented demographic boom that is accompanied by an increase in challenges for governments in terms of housing, food, access to water, transport, waste management, and energy supply. Africa must take advantage of this rapid growth of urban citizens to overcome its difficulties by better managing its cities. The smart city concept is to better manage African cities and meet the challenges of exponential urbanization.
Smart Villages in Africa is a relatively new concept that addresses complex problems of continuing poverty, inequality, and marginalization through fresh approaches and digital transformation in rural villages. For the digital transformation to be effective, there is a need to shift from traditional technology-centric, siloed, supply-side approaches to demand-driven approaches.